Transport in Uzbekistan
Because of low investment and poor maintenance, Uzbekistan's overland transportation infrastructure has declined significantly in the post-Soviet era. Air transport is the only branch that has received substantial government investment in the early 2000s, as airport modernization projects have been undertaken.
Independence transformed transport demand. Out of the immediate postindependence chaos, the basic elements of a sector fit for new purpose have been put in place. There is adequate network capacity and generally good coverage, although transport is still performed predominantly with the inherited rolling stock and vehicle fleets. Remaining concerns are:
- underfunding of road and rail maintenance, priority having been given to constructing missing domestic links;
- replacment of the ageing bus, truck and rail rolling stock fleets;
- reversing the deterioration in some urban transport services.