Transport in Turkmenistan
In the early 2000s, substantial work was done to restore infrastructure, which was in general disrepair, and to extend travel routes. Major new road and railroad projects were in progress in 2006.
The Government continues to be dominant owner and operator of transport assets and services, with some private involvement in inter-city and intra-city transport operations. No real progress has been made in the direction of decentralizing to municipal governments the power to set service standards and fares, and responsibility to pay subsidies in the public transport sector. Cost recovery remains low in most areas (direct cost recovery for publicly owned urban passenger services is at about 20%) and the accounting information available does not allow an assessment of the financial status of various state owned companies. There is a shortage of operable public transport vehicles and a corresponding decline in transport services affecting the mobility of urban residents.